Hymenoptera. Vespina. Vespida. Bees, ants, sawflies, horntails and other wasps. Male reproductive system. Male genitalia of Hymenoptera. Symphyta. Phylogenetic systematics of Hymenoptera. Phylogenetic systematics of Symphyta. Xyeloidea, Tenthredinoidea, Pamphilioidea, Cephoidea, Siricoidea, Xiphydrioidea, Orussoidea. Xyelidae, Blasticotomidae, Tenthredinidae, Diprionidae, Cimbicidae, Argidae, Pergidae, Pamphiliidae, Megalodontesidae, Megalodontidae, Cephidae, Siricidae, Anaxyelidae, Xiphydriidae, Orussidae.

This page is a means of keeping track of the confusing number of biodiversity projects, initiatives, networks and databases out there. (Please tell me about links I should add.) If you scroll down to the bottom of this page, you will find a list of links for Hymenopterists.

Taxonomic Initiatives, Networks, and Databases

GBIF -- Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Its mission is to facilitate digitisation and global dissemination of primary biodiversity data.

GTI -- Global Taxonomy Initiative. Its aim is to advance taxonomic research in all countries.

bionet -- A global network for taxonomy.

SYNTHESYS -- SYNTHEsis of SYStematic resources. A project that connects European natural history museums and botanic gardens.

Species Analyst. A research project developing standards and software tools for access to the world's natural history collection and observation databases. Currently, over 120 natural history collection databases can be searched simultaneously through the Species Analyst.

Species 2000. Its objective is to enumerate all known species of organisms on Earth.

uBio -- Universal Biological Indexer and Organizer. uBio is an initiative to create a comprehensive and collaborative catalog of names of all described organisms.

All Species Foundation. A non-profit organization dedicated to create a complete inventory of all species of life on Earth within the next 25 years.

Nomenclator Zoologicus. A list of the names of the genera and subgenera in Zoology from the tenth edition of Linnaeus 1758 to the end of 1994.

TSE -- Taxonomic Search Engine. Enter a name and it will search several (taxonomic) databases (ITIS, Index Fungorum, IPNI, NCBI, and uBio).

ETI -- Expert Center for Taxonomic Identification. They are developing a world diversity database (intended to document all described species) and a database of taxonomists. Catalogue of the type specimens of the Dutch Herbaria. Register of Marine Organisms.

E-BioSci network. A scientific information platform that will interlink genomic and other factual data with the life sciences research literature.

ITIS -- Integrated Taxonomic Information System. A database that stores a taxonomy for all life. This is often used by other databases to arrange their data, e.g. MorphBank and MorphDBase. Unfortunately, it still contains many errors. If you are an expert on the taxonomy of a group, please check the ITIS taxonomy and send them corrections.

This project scans early zoological literature and makes it available online. They are also creating a database that links taxon names to the scanned literature.

TDWG -- Taxonomic Databases Working Group.
Its mission is to provide an international forum for biological data projects, to develop and promote use of standards, and to facilitate data exchange.

AnimalBase – Early zoological literature online. A project that scanned old taxonomic literature.

Insects and Spider Collections of the World – lists collections and codens.

Entomologists Worldwide – a database of entomologists.

Phylogenetic Databases

Tree of Life web project. Aims to show the phylogenetic relationships of all life.

TreeBASE. A database of phylogenetic knowledge which stores phylogenetic trees and the datamatrices used to generate them.

Morphological and Molecular Databases

MorphBank. An open web repository of images to document specimens in natural history collections and vouchers for DNA sequence data, and to share research results in disciplines such as taxonomy, morphometrics, comparative anatomy, and phylogenetics.

MorphoBank. An initiative designed to use the web to manage comparative anatomical data for scientific research and education. The database catalogues images and allows contributors to label structures on the images. For phylogenetic research, MorphoBank displays dynamic phylogenetic matrices of morphological characters with labelled homology statements.

DigiMorph -- Digital Morphology.
A dynamic archive of digital morphological images and high-resolution X-ray computed tomography of biological specimens. Some of them animated threedimensional images.

Database of DNA Sequences of the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).

A database for morphological descriptions.

NSF: Assembling the Tree of Life (AToL) Program

AToL program. Umbrella website for all AToL projects.

AToL meeting 2004. Website for the meeting of all AToL projects, November 2004. Includes a poster for each project.

Bacteria. Tree of Life for bacteria.

Eu-Tree. Assembling the Tree of eukaryotic microbial diversity (protists).

Chloroplast Genomics. Sequence and analyse whole chloroplast genomes of 55 species of land plants (Embryophytes).

The Green Tree of Life.
Tree of Life for Green Plants (Chlorobionta).

Liverworts. Tree of Life for Liverworts and the Diversification of Early Land Plants.

Angiosperms. Tree of Life for Flowering Plants.

AFToL. Assembling the Fungal Tree of Life, i.e. for mushrooms, yeasts, molds etc.

Cnidaria. Tree of Life for corals, sea anemones, jellyfish & company.

Phylogeny of cypriniform fishes.

Tree of Life for amphibians.

Deep Scaly Project. Tree of Life for squamate reptiles (lizards and snakes).

Archosauria. Phylogeny of theropod dinosaurs including birds.

Early Bird.
Phylogeny of birds.

Protostomes. Tree of Life for the majority of Animalia, excluding jellyfish, echinoderms, tunicates, vertebrates, and a few others.

NemAToL. Tree of Life for nematodes.

WormNet. Tree of Life for annelid worms.

Arthropoda. Tree of Life for Chelicerata, Myriapoda, Crustacea, and Hexapoda.

Spiders. Tree of Life for Araneae.

Decapoda. Tree of Life for Decapod Crustaceans.

Tree of Life for springtails, diplurans, proturans, and insects.

Beetles. Tree of Life for the insect order Coleoptera.

Tree of Life for Hymenoptera (sawflies, horntails, wasps, ants, bees etc.)

AntAToL. Tree of Life for ants (Formicidae).

Tree of Life for butterflies.

FLY-TREE. Tree of Life for true flies (Diptera).

Marine Symbiosis.

Toolbox. Creates phylogenomic software.

CIPRes. Information Technology Research. Building a national resource for phyloinformatics and computational phylogenetics.

3-D Phylo-Informatics.

Tree of Life Digital Library.

Websites about Hymenoptera

Hymenoptera in the Tree of Life webproject

ISH -- International Society of Hymenopterists.

Nomina Nearctica Hymenoptera -- names of Northamerican hymenopterans

Hymenoptera On-Line Database. Queries information from museum specimens as well as the literature.

Database of Sawfly Literature by David Smith and Cathy Anderson

Symphytos -- a web forum on sawflies and horntails

PHERODIP -- Pheromones of Diprionids. Website for an international and interdisciplinary project on Diprionidae, with some general information on Symphyta. -- webpage on pergid sawflies.

For links to websites specifically about Apocrita, check out the link page of the ISH.

Webdesign, Macroxyela photo and HymAToL logo by Susanne Schulmeister