Literature

ABOUT 'SYMPHYTA'
Male Reproductive System
Acknowledgements
PHOTO GALLERY
CONTACT
LINKS
GLOBAL WARMING
JOURNALS
Hymenoptera. Vespina. Vespida. Bees, ants, sawflies, horntails and other wasps. Male reproductive system. Male genitalia of Hymenoptera. Symphyta. Phylogenetic systematics of Hymenoptera. Phylogenetic systematics of Symphyta. Xyeloidea, Tenthredinoidea, Pamphilioidea, Cephoidea, Siricoidea, Xiphydrioidea, Orussoidea. Xyelidae, Blasticotomidae, Tenthredinidae, Diprionidae, Cimbicidae, Argidae, Pergidae, Pamphiliidae, Megalodontesidae, Megalodontidae, Cephidae, Siricidae, Anaxyelidae, Xiphydriidae, Orussidae.
Below is a list of publications that contain some information about the morphology of the male reproductive system and reproductive biology of Hymenoptera. These are either papers on taxonomy, morphology or behavior, or papers on the phylogeny of a certain group in which some characters of the male reproductive system have been used. Please excuse the bad shape of some of the references.

If you know of any papers on the male reproductive system or reproductive biology of a group of Hymenoptera, please do me a favor and check if it is already in this list and if it's not, email me the reference.

Alam, S. M., 1952: Studies on skeleto-muscular mechanism of the male genitalia in Stenobracon deesae Cam. (Braconidae). Beiträge Entomologie 2: 620-634.

Alcock et al, 1978: The ecology and evolution of male reproductive behaviour in the bees and wasps. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 64: 293. 326.

Alexander, B.A., 1992: An exploratory analysis of cladistic relationships within the superfamily Apoidea, with special reference to Sphecid Wasps. J Hym Res 1 (1): 25-61. two characters of the male genitalia.

Audouin, M. , 1821b: Observationes sur organes copulateures mâles des Bourdons. Rapport lit par Latreille en lundi 9 avril. Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 8: 285-289, Paris.

Ball, D. E., and Vinson, S. B., 1984. Anatomy and histology of the male reproductive system of the fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology (now Arthropod Structure & Development) 13: 283-294.

Baroni-Urbani, C., 1968. Über die eigenartige Morphologie der männlichen Genitalien des Genus Diplorhoptrum Mayr (Hymenoptera Formicidae) und die taxonomischen Schlußfolgerungen. Zoomorphology 63: 63-74.

Beck, DE, 1933: A morphological study of the male genitalia of various genera of bees. Proceedings of the Utah Academy of Sciences 10: 89-137.

Beirne, B.P., 1941: British species of Diplazonini with a study of the genital and postgenital abdominal sclerites in the male (Ichneumon.). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society London 91: 661-712.

Bekker, E, 1925: structure and development external genitalia Thys. and Hymenoptera (russisch). Trud. nauchno-issledovab. Inst. Zool. Moscow 1:156-206.

Bekker, E, 1930: Homologie des männlichen und weiblichen äusseren Genitalapparates der Hymenoptera (russ m deutsch Zsmfsg) Rev. zool. russe 10(4): 18-31.

Birket-Smith, S. J. R., 1981: The male genitalia of Hymenoptera – a review based on morphology in Dorylidae (Formicoidea). Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 15: 377-397.

Bordas, L, 1893: Sur l‘appareil génital mâle des Hym. Comptes Rendus de l´Academie des Sciences serie 3: sciences de la vie, vol 117, Seite 746-

Bordas, M. L., 1895: Appareil genital mâle des Hyménoptères. Ann Sci nat (zool) ser7 20: 103-184. Internal reproductive system of Apoidea, Vespoidea, and Ichneumonidae.

Boulangé, H., 1914a: l‘appareil copulateur de Tenthredella temula.

Boulangé, H. , 1914b: appareils copulateurs de Dolerus gonager et de D. nigratus.

Boulangé, H. , 1920a: le retournement de l‘appareil copulateur des Tenthredinidae.

Boulangé, 1920b: sagittae + volsellae des Hym superieurs ont-elles homologues chez les Chalastogastres?

Boulangé, 1920c: Sur les muscles qui actionnent l‘ensemble de l‘app cop d Chalastogastres. Bull soc ent France 227-230

Boulangé, H., 1924: Recherches sur l’appareil copulateur des Hyménoptères et spécialement des Chalastogastres. Mémoires et Travaux de la Faculté Catholique de Lille 28: 1-444.

Brothers, D. J., 1999: Phylogeny and evolution of wasps, ants and bees (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea, Vespo-idea and Apoidea). Zoologica Scripta 28: 233-250.

Brown, 2000: Some problems with australian tiphiid wasps, with special reference to coupling mechanisms. IN: Austin, A., and Dowton, M. (2000): Hy-menoptera: Evolution, Biodiversity and biological control. CSIRO Publishing.

Carmean, D., and L.S. Kimsey. 1998. Phylogenetic revision of the parasitoid wasp family Trigonalidae. Sy-stematic Entomology 23: 35-76. Two characters of male genitalia.

Carpenter, J. M., 1982: The phylogenetic relationships and natural classification of the Vespoidea (Hymeno-ptera). Systematic Entomology 7: 11-38. 5 characters of male genitalia.

Chiappini, E., and Mazzoni, E., 2000. Differing morphology and ultrastructure of the male copulatory apparatus in species-groups of Anagrus Haliday (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae). Journal of Natural History 34: 1661-1676. very detailed paper on male genitalia of a chalcidoid genus.

Clausen, R., 1938: Untersuchungen über den männlichen Copulationsapparat der Ameisen, speziell der For-micinae. Mitteilungen der schweizerischen entomologischen Gesellschaft 17: 233-246.

Crampton, G. C., 1919: The genitalia and terminal abdominal structures of males, and the terminal structures of the larvae of ‘chalastogastrous’ Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 21: 129-151.

Crampton, G. C., 1920a: A comparison of the genitalia of male Hymenoptera, Mecoptera, Neuroptera, Diptera, Trichoptera, Lepidoptera, Homoptera, and Strepsiptera, with those of lower insects. Psyche 27: 34-45 + 3 plts.

Crampton, G. C., 1938: The structures called parameres in male insects. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 33: 16-24.

Dhillon, S.S., 1966: Morphology and biology of Athalia proxima. Aligarh Muslim University Publications (Zoological Series) on Indian Insect Types 7: 165p.

Dhillon, S.S., 1971: Morphological homologies of the external genitalia in the mustard sawfly, Athalia proxima Klug (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Bulletin of Entomology 12 (2): 100-108.

Dow, R., 1943: Note on the male genitalia of certain Isodontia (Hym.: Sphecidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 36: 240-242.

Dowton, M., Belshaw, R., Austin, A. D., and Quicke, D. L. J., 2002. Simultaneous molecular and morphological analysis of braconid relationships (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Braconidae) indicates independent mt-tRNA gene inversi-ons within a single wasp family. J Mol Evol 54: 210-226. A few characters of the male genitalia.

du Buysson, R., 1891: Chrysides. IN : E. André (ed.): Species des Hyménoptères d‘Europe et d‘Algérie, tome sixième, 758pp + 22pp + 32 fig. Male genitalia on page 19-22, copulation on page 31-32.

Dufour, L. 1841: Recherches anatomiques et physiologiques sur Orthoptères, les Hyménoptères et les Névroptères. Mémoires de l‘Academie (Royale) des Sciences de l‘Institut de France, Sav. Etrang. 7: 265-647, 13 pls. Memoires presentes par divers savants a l‘Academie Royale des sciences de l‘Institut de France, Tome 7.

Dufour, L., 1854: Recherches anatomiques sur les Hyménoptères de la famille des Urocérates. Annales de la Science Naturelles et Zoologiques, Serie 4, vol 1: 201-236 + 1 plate.

Durante-Silvana; Diaz-Norma 2002. Estudio comparativo de las estructuras genitales del macho en el genero Pseudocentron (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae). [Comparative study of the structures of male geni-talia in Pseudocentron species (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae).] Revista-Brasileira-de-Entomolo-gia. 46 (1): 15-20.

Ferreira, A., Abdalla, F. C., Kerr, W. E., and da Cruz-Landim, C., 2004. Comparative anatomy of the male reproductive internal organs of 51 species of bees. Neotropical entomology 33: 569-576.

Forbes, J., 1952: The genitalia and terminal segments of the male carpenter ant, Camponotus pennsylvanicus Degeer (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 60: 157-171.

Forbes, J, 1967: The male genitalia and terminal gastral segments of two species of the primitive ant genus Myrmecia. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 75: 35-42.

Gordh, G., 1975: Sexual behavior of Hemitaxonus dubitatus (Norton) (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Entomological News 86: 161-166.

Hagens, von, 1882: Über die männlichen Genitalien der Bienen-Gattung Sphecodes. D. entom. Z. 26: 209- 226 and plates 6 and 7.

Hansson, C. 1996. Taxonomic revision of the Nearctic species of Omphale Halidae. Ent. Scand. 49: 78 pp.

Heraty, J.M., 1986. Pseudochalcura (Hymenoptera: Eucharitidae), a new world genus of chalcidoid parasitic on ants. Systematic Entomology 11: 183-212.

Heraty, J.M., 2004. Three new species of Gollumiella Hedqvist (Hymenoptera: Eucharitidae). Zootaxa 497: 1-10.

Iuga, V.G., 1957: Contribution à la conaissance de la morphologie de l‘abdomen chez les Hyménoptères. Travaux du Museum d‘histoire naturelle Grigore Antipa, Bucuresti 1: 21-66

Iuga, V.G., 1967: La morphologie de l‘apex abdominal chez les Hyménoptères symphytes orthandriques et strophandriques. Rev. Roum Biol.-Zoologie, Tome 12, No.4, 239-250, Bukarest.

Ivanova-Kazas, 1959: Die embryonale Entwicklung von Pontania capreae. Zool Jahrbücher, Anat., Jena, 77: 193-228.

Jänicke, Malte, ?: Drei für die DDR neue Holzwespenarten der Gattung Urocerus Geoffroy.

Jänicke, Malte, 1978: Beitrag zur Biologie der Holzwespen (Siricidae) 1. Veröff. Mus. Gera, naturwiss. R., 6: 79-81.

Jänicke, Malte, 1981: Beitrag zur Biologie der Holzwespen (Siricidae) 2. Veröff. Mus. Stadt Gera, naturwiss. R., 9: 79-82.

Jänicke, Malte, 1984: Beitrag zur Fauna der Holzwespen (Siricidae) in Ostthüringen mit Berücksichtigung der Familie Xiphydriinae. Veröff. Mus. Stadt Gera, naturwiss. R., 10: 63-77.

Kluge, M. H. E., 1895: Das männlich Geschlechtsorgan von Vespa germanica. Archiv Naturg. (A)61 : 159-198.

Kopelke, J.-P., 1982: Funktion der Genitalstrukturen bei Bombus-Arten ... und deren Bedeutung für die Syste-matik. Senckenbergiana biologica 62: 267-286.

Lyons, L.A., 1976: Mating ability in Neodiprion sertifer. Can Ent 108: 321-326.

Maeto, K., 1987: a comp. morph. of the male internal reprod. organs of the fam. Braconidae, Kontyu 55: 32-42

Michaëlis, G, 1900: Bau u Entwicklung des männl Begattungsapparates der Honigbiene. Zeitschr wiss Zool 67: 439-460

Middlekauff, W.W., 1964: notes and the description of the previously unknown male of Syntexis libocedrii. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 40: 255-258.

Middleton, W, 1921: some notes on the terminal abdominal structures of sawflies

Mikheyev, A. S., 2004. Male accessory gland size and the evolutionary transition from single to multiple mating in the fungus-gardening ants. Journal of Insect Science 4: 37: 1-5.

Miller, C.D. 1970. The Nearctic species of Pnigalio and Sympiesis. Mem. Ent Soc Canada 68. 121 pp.

Morice 1899: Illustrations of specific characters in the armature and ultime ventral segments of Andrena male. Trans. entom. Soc, London, 229-

Newport, G., 1838: Observations on the anatomy, habits and economy of Athalia centifoliae. Ent.Soc. Lond. 1-32.

Mol-A-W-M, Van-Aartsen-B, 1994. The genus Monoctenus in the Netherlands (Hymenoptera: Symphyta). En-tomologische-Berichten-Amsterdam 54 (7) 129-134.

Murray, W.D., 1945: Taxonomic value of male genitalia in Shecid hymenoptera. Ann ent soc am 38: 121-124.

Ohl, M, 1996: Die phylogenetischen Beziehungen der Sphecinae aufgrund morph. Merkmale des Exoskeletts

Ohl, M., and Bleidorn, C. 2006. The phylogenetic position of the enigmatic wasp family Heterogynaidae based on molecular data, with description of a new, nocturnal species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Syst Ent 31: 321-337.

Paliwal-G-N, Tembhare-D-B, 2001. Surface ultrastructure of the male external genitalia in the rock-honeybee, Apis dorsata F. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Proceedings-of-the-National-Academy-of-Sciences-In-dia-Section-B-Biological-Sciences 71 (1): 15-19.

Peck, O., 1937: male genit Hym, esp. Ichneumonid. Can J Res, sec D, zool ser, vol15 Teil1: 11:221-274.

Pérez, J, 1894: De l‘organe copulateur mâle des Hym et sa valeur taxonomique.

Pintureau, B., and Al-Nabhan, M., 2003. New data on the European species of three genera Scelionidae (Hymenoptera). Zootaxa 238: 1-12.

Pratt, H.D.,1939: Studies on the Ichneumonidae of New England, Part 2: Male genitalia of the subfamily Ichneumoninae. Ann Ent Soc Am 32:727-742.

Quicke, D.L.J., 1988: inter-generic variation in the male genitalia of the Braconidae. Zool.Scr. 17: 399-409

Quicke, D. L. J., Basibuyuk, H. H., Fitton, M. G., and Rasnitsyn, A. P., 1999: Morphological, palaeontological and molecular aspects of ichneumonoid phylogeny (Hymenoptera, Insecta). Zoologica Scripta 28: 175-202.

Radoszkowski, O,1884: Révision armures copulatrices mâles Bombus. Bull soc impér des Naturalistes de Moscou, 60: 51-

Radoszkowski, 1885: Rév. armures cop des mâles de Mutillides. Horae soc entom ross t 19:3-49

Radoszkowski, 1888/89: Révision des armures copulatrices des mâles de la tribu des Chrysides. Horae soc. entom. ross.

Radoszkowski, O., 1889-91: Genitalanhänge der Hymenopteren. Biol. Centralb. vol 9: 539 und 543-544 und vol 10: 221-222

Radoszkowski, 1891: Essai sur class d Sphégides d‘après la structure des arm. cop. Bull soc impér des Nat de Moscou

Rohwer, SA, 1915: the mating habits of some sawflies

Ronquist, F., 1999: Phylogeny of the Hymenoptera (Insecta): The state of the art. Zoologica Scripta 28: (1-2) 3-11 .

Ross, H. H., 1945: Sawfly genitalia: terminology + study techniques. Entomol. News, Philadel., 56: 261-268

d‘Rozario, AM1940: On the mech. of copulation in Nematus ribesii. Proc. r. ent. Soc.A, 15: 69-77

d‘Rozario, AM1942: On the develop. and homol. of genitalia... Trans. roy ent. Soc.92: 363-415

Rozen, J, 1951: A preliminary comp study of the male genitalia of Andrenidae. J Kans Entom Soc 24: 142-150

Saini & Singh, 1985: The gross external morphology of A. simlaensis. Dtsch. ent. Z.

Saini & Singh, 1987: Comparison of the telomeres + gonomaculae... Israel J. Ent., Tel Aviv, 21: 119-122

Schulmeister, S. 2001: Functional morphology of the male genitalia and copulation in lower Hymenoptera, with special emphasis on the Tenthredinoidea s. str. (Insecta, Hymenoptera, ‘Symphyta’). Acta Zoologica 82: 331-349.

Schulmeister, S. 2003d: Genitalia and terminal abdominal segments of male basal Hymenoptera (Insecta): morphology and evolution. Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 3: 253-279.

Seurat, L.G., 1898: Observations sur les organes génitaux des Braconides. Ann. Soc. Nat. Zool. Ser. 8, vol 7, S.293

Severin & Severin, 1908: The int. organs of repr. of the male saw-fly C. americ. Ann ent Soc Am 1: 87-100

Shinohara, A., 1983. discovery of the families Xyelidae, Pamphiliidae, Blasticotomidae and Orussidae from Taiwan. Proc. ent. Soc. Wash 85: 309-320.

Simpson, J, 1970: The male genitalia of Apis dorsata. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological society of London 45: 169-171.

Smith, E.L., 1969: Evolut. morph. of external insect genitalia. 1. Origin + relationships to other appendages

Smith, E.L., 1970: Corrections to: Evolutionary morphology of external insect genitalia 1 and to: Biosystematics and morphology of Symphyta 2. Ann Ent Soc Am 63(6): 1780-1782

Smith, E.L., 1970: Hymenoptera. In Tuxen: taxonomist‘s glossary of genitalia.

Smith, E.L., 1970: Evolutionary morph. of ext. ins. genitalia. 2. - Hym. Ann Ent Soc Amer 63:1-27.

Smith, E.L., 1972: Biosystematics and morphology of Symphyta – 3. external genitalia of Euura: sclerites, sensilla, musculature, development and oviposition behavior. Int J Insect Morphol Embryol 1 (4): 321-365

Snodgrass, 1936: morphology of the insect abd. Part 3: the male genitalia. Smithson. Misc. Coll. 95(14): 1-96.

Snodgrass, 1941: The male genitalia of Hymenoptera. Smithson. Misc. Coll.

Snodgrass, 1957: Revised interpretation of external reproductive organs of male insects. Smithsonian misc. coll. 135(60): 1-60.

Strohl, J, 1908: Die Copulationsanhänge der solitären Apiden und die Artentstheung durch „physiologische Isolierung“. Zool. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 353-384. 8 Zool 1, 1190

Togashi, I., 1970: Comp morph of internal reproductive organs of Symphyta. Mushi, Fukuoka, 43, suppl 1-114.

Tsuneki, K., 1991. Revision of the Trigonalidae of Japan and her adjacent territories (Hymenoptera). Special Publications of the Japan Hymenopterist’s Association 37. Depicts genitalia of Trigonalidae.

VanDerwerker, Cook & Kulman, 1978: Morphology of the adult reproductive systems of the yellowheaded spruce sawfly, Pikonema alaskensis. Ann Ent Soc Am 71 (4): 615-618

Verhoeff, C. 1893b: finden sich für die laminae basales der männlichen Coleopteren Homologa bei den Hymenopteren? Zool.Anz. 16: 407-412.

Viggiani, G. and D. Battaglia 1984. Male genitalia in the Aphelinidae (Hym. Chalcidoidea). Bolletino del Laboratorio de Entomologia Agraria 'Fillipo Silvestri' di Portici 41: 149-172.

Vinson, S. B., 1969. General morphology of the digestive and internal reproductive systems of adult Cardiochiles nigriceps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 62 (6): 1414-1419.

Ward, P. S., and Downie, D. A., 2005: The ant subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): phylogeny and evolution of big-eyed arboreal ants. Systematic Entomology 30: 310-335.

Wheeler, D. E., and Krutzsch, P.H., 1992: Internal reproductive system in adult males of the genus Camponotus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae). Journal of Morphology 211 (3): 307-317.

Williams, P.H., 1985: a preliminary cladistic investigation of relationships among the bumble bees. Systematic Entomology 10: 239-255.

Wong, HR, 1963: external morphology of adults and ultimate larval instar of Pristiphora erichsonii (Tenthredinidae). Canadian Entomologist 95: 897-921.

Zaldivar-Riveron, A., Mori, M., and Quicke, D. L. J., 2006. Systematics of the cyclostome subfamilies of braconid parasitic wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea): A simultaneous molecular and morphological Bayesian approach.

Zander, E, 1900: Beiträge zur Morphologie der männlichen Geschlechtsanhänge der Hymenopteren







Webdesign, Macroxyela photo and HymAToL logo by Susanne Schulmeister